Based on resources
within the problem solver him/herself, and generally techniques
through which to bring subtle perceptions conscious:
A. Particular Ways to
solve particular problems - ways to extend or leverage perception
and/or to see beyond the inbuilt, reflexive internal censor, "editor," or
inhibitive judgmental factor--
1. Some of these particular methods are based upon speed.
Go faster than judgement. Examples--
a. "Brainstorming," whose effectiveness is a function of
how rapidly one can force a series of multiple responses within a context.
(Previously, "brainstorming's" effectiveness was thought to be a matter of
"suspending judgement." However, the difficulty of truly suspending one's
own judgement, and the higher effectiveness of "brainstorming" the smaller
the group where each participant is forced into a more rapid series of
responses, demonstrate that speed is the main basis for effectiveness
b. Other rapid-flow expressive procedures, such as
rapid-flow free association techniques, rapid-flow methods for describing
ongoing phenomena, "Improvitaping" in music and "doodle build-up" in art:
many other procedures which force a sustained rapid flow of expressive
c. Forced fast-answer, fast response techniques a la
flashcard or tachistoscope.
2. Disengaging judgement (if not entirely suspending it as
in # 1.a parentheses above). Trust that good answers WILL emerge if one
just keeps pumping away with responses without paying too much attention
to judgement until afterward. Some other judgement-disengaging techniques
have been practiced by creative geniuses throughout history, from long
before there emerged the present deliberate art and science of creativity:
a. "Sleep on it," incubation, dreaming, various techniques
for relaxing, for distracting, or displacing judgmental
b. Psychological techniques for changing values behind the
c. Suspend bases for judging: take advantage of differing
levels of sensitivity in brain and mind functions to "conceal questions"
from the loud conscious, verbal-focussed, judgmental mind until subtler
responses have been read from the visualizing unconscious mind in answer,
or from physiological responses of the body as monitored by EMG,
polygraph, Whetstone Bridge, PSE, EEG, SGR or other biofeedback-type
3. Transfer the terms of the problem to a non-judgmental
medium. This usually means some form of work with analogy and/or in
a. Einsteinian "mind-game," as featured in Synectics, to
"make the strange familiar and the familiar strange."
b. Describe sensory or imagined sensory experience,
usually rapid-flow (see # 1 above), in a contextual "neutral zone warmup"
such as the garden in "Over-the-Wall" (next chapter), while beyond a
barrier of some sort rests the answer-space. Surprise at the contents of
the answer space is seen as indicator that fresh input has been discovered
from beyond where we do our conscious thinking, judgmental censoring, and
mulling-over of what we "know."
c. Psychological (mainly Psychosynthesis, Psychegenics,
and "Borrowed Genius" procedures from Project Renaissance) methods to
externalize the seeming source of the information to beyond oneself, and
thus from beyond the seat of the internal inhibitory judge. Van Oech's use
of roles or "hats" fits here and, in view of a parallel dynamic for
accelerated learning in Suggestopedia, might well be expanded upon to
4. Methods to Force a Way Past The Censor--
a. Random forced relationships for fresh perspective and
generation of ideas, as in deBono's "Provocative Operation" (P.O.)
relating random dictionary words to the problem in search of possible
b. By some form of formula process - stochastics,
Edisonian "process of elimination," "scientific method," some elements of
Synectics and of modern Osborn-Parnes method as per Creative Education
Foundation, etc. Quantification routines.
c. By pursuing formula theory: prediction and testing (as
per "scientific method," above); inductive and deductive reasoning from
formulas ranging from rigidly fixed ideas to various social and behavioral
theories, physics and math. In this category we found it instructive in
issues of social concern to introduce incentive theory as an analytic and
solution-generating system, together with equilibrium theory and general
systems theory - not only in Chapter Ten above, but much more so in
Incentives book (INCENTIVES AS A PREFERRED INSTRUMENT OF CORPORATE
& PUBLIC POLICY. 2nd Edition, 1995, Project Renaissance). Long-lasting
major societal problems are a complexly homeostatic, equilibrated system:
analyze the incentives acting upon those who affect or who could affect
the problem; solve(?) the problem by modifying some of those incentives to
d. Categorizing and sorting - most effective if this is
done rapidly and in various quickly recorded forms, to capture some of the
same dynamics as "brainstorming." Tony Buzan's "Mind-Mapping" technique,
derived in part from systems analysis (which also serves as a way to force
relationships to generate ideas -- see # 4.c. just above). This draft
taxonomy itself is partially an example.
B. Ways to Generally
Nurture a High State of Personal Creativity:
1. Especially important: exercise and build observational
skills. The "serendipity" discussions in creativity-related literature are
in substantial error. Everyone, sooner or later and often, is "in the
right place at the right time" but as Churchill observed, most walk away
from it. Only those who practice observation and/or are observant,
generally, will notice and make the discovery. The rest of us trudge
numbly on and wonder why life passed us by.
a. Nurture practices and environments associated with high
creativity. These were categorized extensively by Dr. John Curtis Gowan.
Bring such an environment around with you by carrying around and
constantly using notepad or pocket recorder. Create an aesthetically
rewarding "special haven" to work in. Meditate or frequently resort to
art. Other examples.
b. Reinforce creative and solution-finding behavior - in
yourself; mutually among friends, associates or co-workers; in
c. Clean "noise" or disorder from internal "channels."
Blow them away in intense work-bursts, or drain them away by meditation,
the arts, breathing methods, gardening, various other "incubation"
d. Improve attitudes - especially self-esteem.
e. Sustain or build physical health & stamina to see
matters through to an implemented solution.